English Irregular Verbs

UsingEnglish.com'sIrregular Verbs Listis one of the most comprehensive lists available online. Below is ourcommon English irregular verbs listwhich includes 213 verbs and shows the infinitive, the past simple and the past participle forms.

What is an Irregular Verb?

Anirregular verbis one that does not take the-edending for thePast SimpleandPast Participleforms. Some irregular verbs do not change;putputput, while others change completely;buyboughtbought, etc. Unfortunately for the student, there are a lot or irregular verbs and they include many of the commonest verbs in the English language.

Irregular verbs fall into 5 categories:

  1. Base Form
  2. Past Simple
  3. Past Participle
  4. 3rdPersonSingular
  5. Present Participle/Gerund

Common English Irregular Verb List

Below is our list of 213 common irregular verbs. Click on a verb to view the definition and alongside conjugations of the base form, past simple, past participle, 3rd person singular, and the present participle / gerund. Alternate forms are separated by a / character.


Base Form Past Simple Past Participle
Abide Abode/Abided Abode/Abided/Abidden
Alight Alit/Alighted Alit/Alighted
Arise Arose Arisen
Awake Awoke Awoken
Be Was/Were Been
Bear Bore Born/Borne
Beat Beat Beaten
Become Became Become
Begin Began Begun
Behold Beheld Beheld
Bend Bent Bent
Bet Bet Bet
Bid Bid Bid
Bid Bade Bidden
Bind Bound Bound
Bite Bit Bitten
Bleed Bled Bled
Blow Blew Blown
Break Broke Broken
Breed Bred Bred
Bring Brought Brought
Broadcast Broadcast/Broadcasted Broadcast/Broadcasted
Build Built Built
Burn Burnt/Burned Burnt/Burned
Burst Burst Burst
Bust Bust Bust
Buy Bought Bought
Cast Cast Cast
Catch Caught Caught
选择 Chose Chosen
Clap Clapped/Clapt Clapped/Clapt
Cling Clung Clung
Clothe Clad/Clothed Clad/Clothed
Come Came Come
Cost Cost Cost
Countersink Countersank, Countersunk Countersunk
Creep Crept Crept
Cut Cut Cut
Dare Dared/Durst Dared
Deal Dealt Dealt
Dig Dug Dug
Dive Dived/Dove Dived
Do Did Done
Draw Drew Drawn
Dream Dreamt/Dreamed Dreamt/Dreamed
Drink Drank 喝醉了
Drive 开车 Driven
Dwell Dwelt Dwelt
Eat Ate Eaten
Fall Fell Fallen
Feed Fed Fed
Feel Felt Felt
Fight Fought Fought
Find Found Found
Fit Fit/Fitted Fit/Fitted
Flee Fled Fled
Fling Flung Flung
Fly Flew Flown
Forbid Forbade/Forbad Forbidden
Forecast Forecast/Forecasted Forecast/Forecasted
Foresee Foresaw Foreseen
Foretell Foretold Foretold
Forget Forgot Forgotten
Forgive Forgave Forgiven
Forsake Forsook Forsaken
Freeze Froze Frozen
Frostbite Frostbit Frostbitten
Get Got Got/Gotten
Give Gave Given
Go Went Gone/Been
Grind Ground Ground
Grow Grew Grown
Handwrite Handwrote Handwritten
Hang Hung/Hanged Hung/Hanged
Have Had Had
Hear Heard Heard
Hide Hid Hidden
Hit Hit Hit
Hold Held Held
Hurt Hurt Hurt
Inlay Inlaid Inlaid
Input Input/Inputted Input/Inputted
Interlay Interlaid Interlaid
Keep Kept Kept
Kneel Knelt/Kneeled Knelt/Kneeled
Knit Knit/Knitted Knit/Knitted
Know Knew Known
Lay Laid Laid
Lead Led Led
Lean Leant/Leaned Leant/Leaned
Leap Leapt/Leaped Leapt/Leaped
Learn Learnt/Learned Learnt/Learned
Lend Lent Lent
Let Let Let
Lie Lay Lain
Light 点燃 点燃
Lose Lost Lost
Make Made Made
Mean Meant Meant
Meet Met Met
Melt Melted Molten/Melted
Mislead Misled Misled
Mistake Mistook Mistaken
Misunderstand Misunderstood Misunderstood
Miswed Miswed/Miswedded Miswed/Miswedded
Mow Mowed Mown
Overdraw Overdrew Overdrawn
Overhear Overheard Overheard
Overtake Overtook Overtaken
Pay Paid Paid
Preset Preset Preset
Prove Proved Proven/Proved
Put Put Put
Quit Quit Quit
Re-prove Re-proved Re-proven/Re-proved
Read Read Read
Rid Rid/Ridded Rid/Ridded
Ride Rode Ridden
Rang Rung
Rise Rose Risen
Rive Rived Riven/Rived
Run Ran Run
Saw Sawed Sawn/Sawed
Say Said Said
See Saw Seen
Seek Sought Sought
Sell Sold Sold
Send Sent Sent
Set Set Set
Sew Sewed Sewn/Sewed
Shake Shook Shaken
Shave Shaven/Shaved
剪切 Shore/Sheared Shorn/Sheared
Shed Shed Shed
Shine Shone Shone
Shoe Shod Shod
Shoot Shot Shot
Show Showed Shown
Shrink Shrank Shrunk
Shut Shut Shut
Sing Sang Sung
Sink Sank Sunk
Sit Sat Sat
Slay Slew Slain
Sleep Slept Slept
Slide Slid Slid/Slidden
Sling Slung Slung
Slink Slunk Slunk
Slit Slit Slit
Smell Smelt/Smelled Smelt/Smelled
Sneak Sneaked/Snuck Sneaked/Snuck
Soothsay Soothsaid Soothsaid
Sow Sowed 播种
Speak Spoke Spoken
Speed Sped/Speeded Sped/Speeded
Spell Spelt/Spelled Spelt/Spelled
Spend Spent Spent
Spill Spilt/Spilled Spilt/Spilled
Spin Span/Spun Spun
Spit Spat/Spit Spat/Spit
Split Split Split
Spoil Spoilt/Spoiled Spoilt/Spoiled
Spread Spread Spread
Spring Sprang Sprung
Stand Stood Stood
Steal Stole Stolen
Stick Stuck Stuck
Sting Stung Stung
Stink Stank Stunk
Stride Strode/Strided Stridden
Strike Struck Struck/Stricken
String Strung Strung
Strip Stript/Stripped Stript/Stripped
Strive Strove Striven
Sublet Sublet Sublet
Sunburn Sunburned/Sunburnt Sunburned/Sunburnt
Swear Swore Sworn
Sweat Sweat/Sweated Sweat/Sweated
Sweep Swept/Sweeped Swept/Sweeped
Swell Swelled Swollen
Swim Swam Swum
Swing Swung Swung
Take Took Taken
Teach Taught Taught
Tear Tore Torn
Tell Told Told
认为 Thought Thought
Thrive Throve/Thrived Thriven/Thrived
Throw Threw Thrown
Thrust Thrust Thrust
Tread Trod Trodden
Undergo Underwent Undergone
Understand Understood Understood
Undertake Undertook Undertaken
Upsell Upsold Upsold
Upset Upset Upset
Vex Vext/Vexed Vext/Vexed
Wake Woke Woken
Wear Wore Worn
Weave Wove Woven
Wed Wed/Wedded Wed/Wedded
Weep Wept Wept
Wend Wended/Went Wended/Went
Wet Wet/Wetted Wet/Wetted
Win Won Won
Wound Wound
Withdraw Withdrew Withdrawn
Withhold Withheld Withheld
Withstand Withstood Withstood
Wring Wrung Wrung
Write Wrote Written
Zinc Zinced/Zincked Zinced/Zincked

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